By their very nature, most of the methods used in the model are designed for the airbrush, but there are others that can be adapted to the use of the brush or spray gun.
Lastly, since the type of template to use depends on the effects and patterns that you want to reproduce, the use of the same involves a number of processes that may also affect the assembly phase of the templates.
It follows that masking a model does not apply from any point and, if you use different color shades, you do not have to apply the template before it happens but otherwise follow a logical order determined by several factors such as color , And the types of texture and finish you want to get.
What are the Stencils?
During the decorative phase of any model, the use of masking is vital to the point where the correct finishing of the pieces depends on the correct application of this technique.
The word "masking" means a wide range of techniques used to transfer color or outline color patterns, trademark symbols and more or less complex designs, or even protection paints
and appearance modification (glitter effects, Opacity, etc.) the range of masks that a modeler can use is almost infinite: choice depends on his ability, imagination and experience. Any object or material may be fine as long as it serves to achieve the desired effect
Of a suitable masking is almost always a laborious task, which must be done with the utmost precision, since the mask is to delimit the contours and the shapes of the colors, if the work is done correctly, the result is overcome in the most part of the cases, that of decals.
However, it should be remembered that any type of
adhesive masking may result in the color damage previously applied;
It is therefore necessary to carefully observe the drying times of the paint layers indicated by the manufacturer and to remove the masking with great delicacy.
When it is possible - and when you are sure that the end result of the job will not be compromised - it is definitely better to apply a transparent paint layer over the protective base base.
The spraying angle is also very important: the airbrush must always be held perpendicular to the surface of the pieces and the contours of the masking. The masking must have the same distance from the object along its entire perimeter, to avoid the appearance of contours of different intensity.
Adhesive masks are used to reproduce the more detailed and complex designs of the models, in order to obtain very sharp and well-defined contours between the colors and to protect the smaller details.
Given their characteristics these masking should only be applied over the pigments that attach to the surfaces well and are resistant once they are dry. To work with this type of masking, it is advisable to lay a base coat on the models and to scrupulously observe the drying time of the colors.
The oily, oily, or water-soluble enamel dyes, and the acrylic ones, are the ones that best endure the application and removal of these masks.
The Air brush
When working with the airbrush the degree of gradation will depend on the distance between the material used as a mask and the surface of the pieces, the greater the distance the shades will be the edges of the colors.
In this respect, the scale of the model is also important. For example, the contours of a 1:72 plane should be crisper than those of another on a larger scale.